Facts About Tooth Erosion – Problems with teeth often occur, teeth are one part of the mouth that has a lot of risks. One of the problems with teeth is erosion. Here are the facts about tooth erosion
1. Signs and symptoms of tooth erosion
Symptoms or signs of tooth enamel erosion can vary, depending on the severity. Signs and symptoms of tooth erosion include:
Teeth are sensitive to certain sweet foods, hot temperatures, or cold temperatures
Changes in the color of the enamel to yellowish
Cracked or broken teeth, the edges of the teeth become rougher, irregular, and jagged
Smooth and shiny surface on teeth
Indentations appear on the surface of the teeth
2. Causes of tooth erosion
Tooth erosion can be caused by several things. One of the main causes is due to acid in food or drink.
Saliva can actually neutralize the acid in the mouth and protect the teeth. However, consuming too many acidic foods or drinks and not brushing your teeth properly, or even not brushing your teeth at all, can cause the outer layer of your teeth or tooth enamel to degrade or erode over time. Several other foods can also play a role in the process of tooth erosion, especially sugary foods, starchy foods, fruit drinks or juices, soda, and excess vitamin C.
In addition, erosion can also be caused by other things such as:
Excessive teeth grinding or jaw gripping
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
Xerostomia, which is a low flow of saliva or saliva
Regular use of certain medications such as antihistamines and aspirin
Eating disorders such as bulimia, which can interfere with the digestive system and cause the teeth to be exposed to stomach acid
Also Read : How to Prevent Cavities
3. Severity or stage of tooth erosion
Tooth erosion can have several stages or severity. The stages are divided into two, namely:
Stage 1, enamel or enamel erosion: in the early stages, tooth erosion will only affect the enamel or tooth enamel. Acids can reduce the strength of the teeth and over time, the teeth will begin to wear away. Over time, the teeth may become more transparent and erosive lesions may develop as the tooth enamel thins.
Stage 2, dentin erosion: at a more advanced stage, tooth enamel erosion can lead to loss of surface tissue on the outermost layer of the tooth, demineralization of dentin, and permanent loss of tooth structure. Once the enamel has been penetrated, erosion will occur on the dentin, which is the second layer of the tooth. Small crystals in dentin can dissolve more quickly and easily than enamel crystals. Exposed dentin can cause extreme tooth sensitivity and discoloration.