How to Prevent Cavities – Cavities often occur because we rarely brush our teeth or can’t take care of our teeth. So how do you prevent cavities?
1. Chew sugar-free gum after eating
Chewing sugar-free gum after eating can reduce the incidence of dental caries. This is because chewing gum can facilitate the production of saliva.
Saliva or saliva itself contains enzymes that help dissolve the acids that cause dental plaque, and can help clean the mouth of food particles.
2. Don’t lack fluoride if you don’t want cavities
If you see toothpaste ads, almost everyone mentions fluoride or fluoride as one of the ingredients. Maybe you don’t know what fluorine is. Fluorine is a natural mineral that serves to protect the enamel or the outermost layer of teeth from acids that cause cavities.
Seeing this function, many toothpaste manufacturers add fluoride content in their products. Referring to a report entitled “The Correlation of Dental Caries Incidence with Drinking Water Consumption in Indonesia” published in Health Research and Development Media in 2018, it is stated that caries can occur due to poor oral and dental hygiene as well as a lack of fluoride exposure.
It should also be noted that the lack of fluoride in the teeth in addition to causing caries, can also cause other dental problems. These include brittle teeth and tooth discoloration in children.
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3. The concentration of fluoride in drinking water should not be too high or too low
Fluorine is a mineral that can be found in water. However, as quoted from the report entitled “The Effect of Drinking Water Supply on the Incidence of Dental Caries Ages 12-26 Years in the Provinces of Bangka Belitung and West Nusa Tenggara Islands” in the Journal of Health Ecology vol. 8 of 2009, the concentration of fluoride in ground water is higher than surface water, even in some places it is very high.
High concentrations of fluoride harm the health of the body and teeth. However, low fluoride concentrations will also cause dental caries. Fluoride concentrations >1.5 mg/l of water in drinking water will cause brown stains on the teeth, which will be difficult to remove.